Volume 74, Issue 7 (October 2016)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2016, 74(7): 517-521 | Back to browse issues page

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Khalili M, Aflatoonian M R, Aliabadi F S, Abshenas J. Brucella contamination in raw milk by polymerase chain reaction. Tehran Univ Med J. 2016; 74 (7) :517-521
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-7707-en.html
1- Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran. Research Center for Tropical and Infectious Diseases, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. , mdkhalili1@yahoo.com
2- Research Center for Tropical and Infectious Diseases, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
3- Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
4- Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
Abstract:   (2044 Views)

Background: Human brucellosis is a significant public health problem in many middle east countries including Iran. Brucella organisms, which are small aerobic, facultative intracellular coccobacilli, localize in the reproductive organs of host animals, causing abortions and sterility. They are shed in large numbers in the animal’s urine, milk, placental fluid, and other fluids. Dairy product from raw milk are a potential threat to public health in endemic developing countries. The gold standard for the diagnosis of brucellosis is isolation of Brucella species. However, isolation Brucella species is time consuming and needed to level 3 biocontainment facilities and highly skilled technical personnel to handle samples and live bacteria for eventual identification. Handling Brucella species increase risk of laboratory infection. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with high sensitivity and specifity overcomed to these disadvantages. The aim of this study was to detect Brucella species in milk from dairy cattle farms in Kerman province, Iran by PCR technique.

Methods: Forty and eight bulk tank milk (BTM) were collected from October 2015 to March 2016 from 48 dairy cattle farm including 4200 cows. DNA of milk samples extracted by lysis buffer and proteinase K method. All milk samples were examined by PCR to detect Brucella-specific DNA targeting IS 711. Positive samples must be showed 317 bp amplified, corresponding to the expected size of the IS 711 genome region in all Brucella species.

Results: Using IS711 primer were detected in 4 samples (8.3%) Brucella spp. from 48 BTM samples in this area.

Conclusion: The results indicate that brucellosis by Brucella species is endemic in the Kerman province dairy farms. Consumption of raw milk dairy products by individual farmers operating under poor hygienic conditions represents an high risk to public health. The need for implementing control measures and raising public awareness on zoonotic transmission of brucellosis are recommended. Vaccination of cattle is recommended for control of bovine brucellosis in enzootic areas with high prevalence rates.

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Type of Study: Original Article |

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