Volume 63, Issue 1 (5 2005)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2005, 63(1): 61-67 | Back to browse issues page

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Madani A, Shakiba M, taei N, Esfehani T, Mohseni P. The Etiologies And Outcome Of ESRD In Children Medical Center From 1988 To 2003. Tehran Univ Med J. 2005; 63 (1) :61-67
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-1052-en.html
Abstract:   (3771 Views)

Background: Chronic renal failure defines as progressive and irreversible dysfunction of kidneys that could eventually terminated to end stage renal disease (GFR< 10% NL). Because of therapeutic problem and high mortality and morbidity and it &aposs implication quality of life , ESRD is one of the important dilemma of pediatric medicine .

Materials and Methods: In our study 216 patients evaluated .

Results: Male to female ratio was 1.1 . The peak of the presenting age of ESRD was 10 years old (8-12 y). Congenital urological malformation (30%) , glomerulopathies (20%) , hereditary nephropathies (14.3%) , multisystem diseases (7%) and nephrolithiasis (6.2%) are the most common etiologies of ESRD . VUR in 21% and congenital obstructive disease in 8.5% are the etiology of ESRD. In patients with age five years old and lesser common causes of ESRD are congenital urologic malformation and glomerulopathies. In other age groups , urologic malformation is the most common cause of ESRD. In etiologic assessment of two separate 7 years interval , (1988-1993) and (1996-2003) , there was not any significant change in frequency of etiologies but frequency of congenital obstructive uropathy decreased from 10 % to 5.7%. Total amount of VUR (VUR ± Neuropathic bladder) has not any change but frequency of primary reflux nephropathy decreased from 14.2% to 8%. In this study , in 145 patients hemodialysis continued and 28 cases had unsuccessful renal transplant (13.8%) . 7.4 % of patients had successful renal replacement therapy (RRT) and mortality rate was 7.4% . B

Conclusion: Based on that the most common cause of ESRD is all ages in congenital urologic malformations , early diagnosis and appropriate management of these cases are effective in decreasing incidence of ESRD and with respect to few cases of renal transplant and unsuccessful results in 65% of RRT , the approach of this problem should be revised.

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