Volume 61, Issue 6 (15 2003)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2003, 61(6): 484-489 | Back to browse issues page

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Rassulinejad M, Hossami Roodsari H, Mahdavi Mazdeh M, Hajiabdolbaghi M, Ahmadi F L. Pulmonary Infection In Renal Transplant Recipients. Tehran Univ Med J. 2003; 61 (6) :484-489
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-1157-en.html
Abstract:   (6572 Views)
Renal transplantation is ideal treatment of chronic renal failure. Pulmonary infection is a common and serious post transplant infection requiring hospitalization and is associated with high mortality. Increased susceptibility to infection is due to a decrease in the patients' immunological response caused by immunosuppression through drug administration, and by other influences.
Materials and Methods: This study was case series and prospective, from July 2001 to July 2002 in Imam Khomeini hospital of Tehran.
Results: 164 renal transplant recipients were studied, 14 patients (8.5%) had pulmonary infection, 11 of them (78.6%) were female and 3 (21.4%) were male. The mean age of them was 42.6 years. The patients were followed up for 9 to 12 months. All patients were on triple immunosuppressive regimens. The interval between transplantation and the appearance of pneumonia was 2 months to 10 years. The time of beginning infection in 3 cases (21.4%) was between 1 to 6 months post transplantation, 11 cases (78.6%) were occurred beyond 6 months after transplantation. In 7 cases (50%), pulmonary infection was occurred during first year after transplantation. None of the 14 patients developed pulmonary infection in first month after transplantation. BAL were used in 6 cases (42.8%) of pulmonary infection, and organism were detected in 5 of them (83.3%). The most common clinical feature was fever. Six cases were due to mycobacterium tuberculosis (42.9%), this organism was the most common ethiology of pneumonia. In this study tuberculosis was seen in 3.6% of renal transplant recipients. One patient had pulmonary mucormycosis. All patients with pulmonary TB were cured, and other cases with unknown case, were cured with empirical treatment.
Conclusion: Our finding indicate the invasive diagnostic procedures are required in order to earlier and reliable diagnosis and then better outcome of transplantation.


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