Volume 60, Number 1 (13 2002)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2002, 60(1): 9-14 | Back to browse issues page


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Motasaddi Zarandy M, Amirabadi M, Ramazani H3. Prevalence Of Dangerous Complications Of Chronic Otits Media After Operation 1991 - 98. Tehran Univ Med J. 2002; 60 (1) :9-14
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-1274-en.html

Abstract:   (3784 Views)
Chronic otitis media and mastoiditis is a common otologic condition. Although it does not occur as frequently as acute otitis media, but remains a persistent and perplexing problem. Nowadays, although with improved access to medical care , advanced technology of imaging and entrance of new powerful antimicrobials, dangerous and deathful complications of c.o.m have become less common significantly, but unfortunately more of less serious complications is seen continuously.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of 1500 patients with C.O.M that had been operated during the years 1991 - 97 in Amir hospital was conducted.
Results: patients had ages between 8 months to 78 years old with a peak incidence at 3rd decade of life. Among that patients, 56 patients (3.7 percent) had one of major C.O.M complications. Over ally, in order of frequency, we found: facial nerve paralysis 27 pt (1.8 percent) labyrinthitis and perilymphatic fistula 16 pt (1.06 percent) Intracranial abscess 5 pt (0.33 percent), lateral sinus thrombosis 4 pt (0.26 percent) Meningitis 2 pt (0.13 percent) and Bezold's abscess 2 pt (0.13 percent) peak - age incidence of complications was 3rd decade of life and M/F incidence of complications was 3/2.
Conclusion: The early diagnosis and treatment of C.O.M complications are very important (specially intracranial complications), but it can be possible if the physician thinks about it.
Keywords: nerve paralysis
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