Volume 59, Issue 5 (9 2001)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2001, 59(5): 72-76 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghazi Saeidi K, Jafari Javid M, Khazaei Koohpahr M. Comparison of incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) between children of smoker parent and children of non-smoker parents after surgery in Imam Khomeini and Children Medical Center Hospitals. Tehran Univ Med J. 2001; 59 (5) :72-76
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-1298-en.html
Abstract:   (3793 Views)
Postoperative nausea and vomiting is a common complication that all anesthesiologist are familiar with the problems of its consequences. Although continued research on the recognition of factors affecting the incidence of PONV is being done but they are not sufficient and the need for research along with advances in anesthesiology and newer drugs are considered. In this prospective cohort study 400 children of 3 to 12 age who has been operated for general surgery (other than eye, thorax and upper abdomen) and orthopedic surgery in the Imam Khomeini and Children Medical Center Hospital has been evaluated. Of these, 200 children who had smoking parent and according to definition were passive smokers and the other 200 children had no smoking parents. Both the groups were matched for sex, age, and type of operation. With the analysis of data we noted that the incidence of PONV in both groups was 19.5 and there was no significant difference between the two groups. (Passive smoker 19 percent and non-passive smoker 20 percent). We also noted a relation between the duration and the incidence of PONV. So operation with more than 2 hours had higher incidence of PONV. There was also positive relation between PONV and controlled ventilation. However, there was no significant difference as the sex and type of operation was concerned. In conclusion, children of smoker parents suffer more PONV than children of non-smoker parents if operation takes longer than two hours or the patient is mechanically ventilated during operation.
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