Volume 57, Issue 1 (7 1999)                   Tehran Univ Med J 1999, 57(1): 78-82 | Back to browse issues page

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Kadivar M, Dormanesh B, Madani A. Determination of prevalence and causes of hyponatremia in patient's admitted in pediatric intensive care unit of the Children's Hospital Medical Center. Tehran Univ Med J. 1999; 57 (1) :78-82
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-1495-en.html
Abstract:   (23032 Views)
Among the 708 patients who were admitted in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of the children's hospital medical center, there were 100 patients with hyponatermia (Na<130 mEq/L). 62% of these patients had hyponatermia at the beginning of admission and 38% during hospitalization in PICU. According to the classification of hyponatermia in comparison to body fluid, this study revealed 7% pseudohyponatermia, 40% euvolemic hyponatermia, 34% hypovolemic hyponatermia and 10% hypovolemic hyponatermia. In conclusion, the most perevalent causes of hyponatermia in this study were syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) (27%), water intoxication (22%) and extrarenal losses (20%)
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