Volume 54, Issue 2 And 3 (30 1996)                   Tehran Univ Med J 1996, 54(2 And 3): 23-28 | Back to browse issues page

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Davari R, Rahim M. Spontaneous pneumothorax. Tehran Univ Med J. 1996; 54 (2 and 3) :23-28
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-1676-en.html
Abstract:   (5818 Views)
A case with bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax was presented. Etiology, mechanism, and treatment were discussed on the review of literature. Spontaneous Pneumothorax is a clinical entity resulting from a sudden non traumatic rupture of the lung. Biach reported in 1880 that 78% of 916 patients with spontaneous pneumothorax had tuberculosis. Kjergaard emphasized 1932 the primary importance of subpleural bleb disease. Currently the clinical spectrum of spontaneous pneumothorax seems to have entered a third era with the recognition of the interstitial lung disease and AIDS as a significant etiology. Standard treatment is including: observation, thoracocentesis, tube thoracostomy. Chemical pleurodesis, bullectomy or wedge resection of lung with pleural abrasion and occasionally pleurectomy. Little information has been reported regarding the efficacy of such treatment in spontaneous pneumothorax secondary to non bleb disease
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