Volume 67, Issue 12 (6 2010)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2010, 67(12): 856-862 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghanbari Z, Goodarzi S, Shariat M, Moshtaghi Z, Zamani F. Trans- Obturator Tape (TOT) efficacy in management of stress urinary incontinence and the impact on quality of life: a study in 54 patients. Tehran Univ Med J. 2010; 67 (12) :856-862
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-392-en.html
Abstract:   (5513 Views)

Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Background: Stress urinary incontinence is a major confounding factor which impairs health quality in women. Some procedures cannot resolve it&aposs impact on life quality. This study aims to assess a less common and newly method use of transobturator tension- free vaginal tapes (TOT) in regard to short- term and long-term morbidity and impact on patient&aposs quality of life (QOL).

Methods: Fifty four patients diagnosed with urinary stress incontinence, underwent a transobturator tension free vaginal tape procedure with or whitout prolapse surgery. Pre and post operative quality of life assessed with Incontinence- specific Quality of Life questionnaire (I-QOL), and objective and subjective cure rate according to patients signs and symptoms before operation, early and late surgical complications like hemorrhage, Injury and/ or perforation of bladder, intestine, urethra and infection were mentioned.

Results: The overall intraoperative and early post-operative complication rates were 5.5% and 3.7%, respectively. No case of hematoma, bladder or bowel injury was seen.   I-QOL scores were significantly higher after surgery. The mean I-QOL score were 23.6 and 64 before and after surgery respectively (p<0.0001). This improvement was independent of the concomitant pelvic floor repair surgery, menopause, underlying diseases, number of parity, body mass index (BMI) and age. The global rate of objective cure was 94.4% (p<0.0001). The majority of women were satisfied with the outcome. (subjective cure was 90.7%- p<0.001).

Conclusions: This study demonstrates that the TOT approach in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence is a safe and effective procedure which promotes health quality of life.

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