Volume 71, Issue 3 (June 2013)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2013, 71(3): 203-207 | Back to browse issues page

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Keypour F, Naghi I. Ectopic pregnancy after two times tubal ligation: a case report. Tehran Univ Med J. 2013; 71 (3) :203-207
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5259-en.html
1- , f-keypoor@sina.tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (10933 Views)
Background: Tubal sterilization is the permanent and effective contraception method. This can be performed at any time, but at least half are performed in conjunction with cesarean or vaginal delivery and are termed puerperal. The most complication after tubal ligation is ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy is the leading cause of maternal death in first trimester.
Case presentation: We present a 33 years old woman gravida5, para4, all normal vaginal delivery, presented with complaints of delayed menstrual period, pelvic pain and spotting. She underwent tubal ligation for two times. For the first time she had puerperal Pomeroy tubal sterilization after third child delivery. Intra uterine pregnancy occurred three years later. One day after vaginal delivery of fourth child, she underwent post partum tubal ligation with the Parkland method. Tubal pregnancy occurred nine months later. Physical examination identified acute abdomen. Pelvic ultrasound showed no gestational sac in uterine cavity. The sac with fetal pole was in right adnexa. Beta-HCG was 2840mIU/ml. She underwent laparotomy. Surgical management included salpingectomy with cornual resection in both sides. The surgery identified Ectopic pregnancy.
Conclusion: Any symptoms of pregnancy in a woman after tubal ligation must be investigated an ectopic pregnancy should be excluded. Ectopic pregnancy must be considered, in any woman with lower abdominal pain, missed period and vaginal bleed-ing. Conception after tubal sterilization can be explained by fistula formation and re-canalization of fallopian tube.
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