Volume 71, Issue 9 (December 2013)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2013, 71(9): 551-561 | Back to browse issues page

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Soleimani F, Zaheri F, Abdi F. Developmental outcome of low birth-weight and preterm newborns: a re-view of current evidence. Tehran Univ Med J. 2013; 71 (9) :551-561
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5679-en.html
1- Department of Pediatric, Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Ph.D. Student, Department of Midwifery, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.
3- Ph.D. Student, Students Research Committee, Shahid Beheshti Uni-versity of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , abdi@sbmu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (15143 Views)

Low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth are one the most important causes of death in the world and therefore are considered as one of the major health problems. Global statistics demonstrates an increase in the prevalence of low birth weight in the developing countries. Low birth weight infants are exposed to complications such as major neurosensory impairements, cerebral palsy, cognitive and language delays, neuromotor developmental delay, blindness and hearing loss, behavioral and psychosocial disorders, learning difficulties and dysfunction in scholastic performances. The majority of infant's death and developmental disorders were due to disorders relating to prematurity and unspecified low birth weight. Infants weighing less than 2500 g, is a major determinant of both neonatal and infant mortality rates and, together with congenital anomalies (e.g., cardiac, central nervous system, and respiratory), contributes significantly to childhood morbidity. Various studies indicate that low birth weight infants are suffering from physiological and psychosocial disabilities, two to three times more than the other children. At school age, preterm and low birth weight infants have poorer physical growth, cognitive function, and school performance. These disadvantages appear to persist into adulthood and therefore have broad implications for society. Although the survival rates have increased dramatically and the incidence of morbidities has decreased, the complications are still considered to be associated with economical and social burdens. Most children with Low birth weight suffer from multiple disabilities. Therefore, they need special and consistent care. On demand of reducing the infant mortality rate, the need to decrease the complications in low birth weight and preterm infants should be considered by the policy makers in health care system. In this review article, we assessed current evidences on developmental outcomes of low birth weight and preterm newborns.

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