Volume 66, Issue 3 (2 2008)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2008, 66(3): 186-190 | Back to browse issues page

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Ashegh H, Rezaii J, Esfandiari K, Roueentan A, Abouzari M. Laparoscopic placement of peritoneal dialysis catheters in CAPD patients: complications and survival. Tehran Univ Med J. 2008; 66 (3) :186-190
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-622-en.html
Abstract:   (4715 Views)

Background: Laparoscopic techniques for the placement of peritoneal dialysis catheters are becoming increasingly popular. Recently, with the improvements in laparoscopic surgery, various methods for the insertion of peritoneal dialysis catheters have been reported, indicating that the laparoscopic insertion is preferred over the open and percutaneous techniques. The aim of this study was to introduce and assess a simplified laparoscopic method for the insertion of peritoneal dialysis catheters in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients.
Methods: We enrolled 79 consecutive end-stage renal patients (46 men and 33 women) with a mean age of 50 years (range: 19-83 years) in this study. During the surgery, a 5-mm trocar was placed in the left upper quadrant for the optics and another 5-mm trocar was placed to the left of the umbilicus. Using the second trocar, a tunnel was formed 2 cm left of the umbilical plane for the insertion of a Tenckhoff catheter. Under direct vision, the catheter was advanced into the abdomen. The catheter was tested for patency. Catheters of all subjects were capped for two weeks before dialysis initiation.
Results: The mean duration of the operation was 15 minutes. Ten patients died during the follow-up period, all due to other medical problems, and six patients underwent renal transplantation however, no deaths or complications were observed during surgery. Early onset complications were seen in 12 patients (15.1%). The most frequent late-onset medical and mechanical complications were peritonitis (6.3%) and hernia (3.7%). During a follow-up period of four years, removal of the catheter was required in two patients as a result of peritonitis.
Conclusion: We obtained a low complication rate and a high catheter survival rate with this laparoscopic insertion of the Tenckhoff catheter. We believe future experience will encourage the use of this safe, simple and quick procedure.

Keywords: Tenckhoff catheter
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