Volume 72, Issue 7 (October 2014)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2014, 72(7): 471-479 | Back to browse issues page

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Golmohammadi M, Abasgholizadeh M. Bispectral index monitoring in isoflurane anesthesia in laparoscopic cholecystectomy of morbid obese patients. Tehran Univ Med J. 2014; 72 (7) :471-479
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6286-en.html
1- Department of Cardiac Anesthesiology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran , mitragolmohammadi@yahoo.com
2- Department of Anesthesiology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
Abstract:   (3715 Views)
Background: Morbid obesity is associated with a some of significant comorbidities. Early and uneventful postoperative recovery of obese patients remains a challenge for anesthesiologists. It seems Bispecteral Index (BIS) monitoring may reduce drug usage and hasten recovery time in inhalation anesthesia. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of BIS monitoring on intraoperative isoflurane utilization and the early recovery profile. Methods: Fifty morbidly obese adult patients (Body Mass Index (BMI) of 35 kg/m2 or grater) undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy in Urmia Imam Khomeini Hospital were enrolled in this prospective, Cohort and single blind study. Duration of this study was six months between April to September 2012. Patients were randomly divided two groups (25 patients per group). In the first phase of the study, patients were anesthetized without the use of BIS monitoring and isoflurane being administered according to standard clinical practice (this group formed the control group). In a second phase, with use of BIS monitoring isoflurane was titrated to maintain a BIS value between 40 and 60 during surgery, and then 60-70 during 15 min before the end of surgery (this group formed the BIS group). Isoflurane consumption and recovery time were compared between two groups. Results: All patients completed the study. No differences were noted between demographic data. The isoflurane consumption in the BIS group was 30-35% lower than in the control group (P< 0.001). The time to awakening and duration of extubation in the BIS group were significantly less than the control group (P< 0.001). Furthermore, analgesic consumption in the recovery room and sedation score during postoperative phase were similar between the groups. Significant differences were noted in recovery time between two groups (P< 0.001). Conclusion: The addition of Bispectral index monitoring to standard monitoring reduced isoflurane usage. We found use of BIS hastened recovery time after isoflurane anesthesia.
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