Volume 73, Number 8 (November 2015)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2015, 73(8): 600-607 | Back to browse issues page


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Rashidi H, Shahbazian H, Nokhostin F, Bahadoram M, Payami S P. The association between concentration of Uric Acid and metabolic syndrome among adolescents. Tehran Univ Med J. 2015; 73 (8) :600-607
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6967-en.html

1- Diabetes Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
2- Department of Internal Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences (AJUMS), Ahvaz, Iran. , nokhostin.f@ajums.ac.ir
3- Department of Internal Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences (AJUMS), Ahvaz, Iran.
Abstract:   (2530 Views)

Background: Metabolic syndromes are known as a set of risk factors for the development of cardio-vascular disease and diabetes in the individual. The association between concentration of uric acid and metabolic syndrome in adolescents has yet to be established thoroughly. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between uric acid and metabolic syndrome in a sample of adolescents. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from September 23, 2009 to September 22, 2010 in Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. In this study, 240 individuals aged 10-19 years were randomly selected among participants of the Ahvaz MetS study (120 subjects normal and 120 subjects MetS). The serum levels of UA were measured by a colorimetric method. In the normal group, anyone with abdominal obesity, high systolic or diastolic blood pressure, High-density lipoprotein (HDL)&le40 mg/dl, TG&le110 mg/dl, fasting blood sugar (FBS)&le100 mg/dl or diabetes was excluded from the study. History of Anticonvulsive drugs or steroids use was the criteria for exclusion for both groups. Results: Of the 240 subjects aged a mean of 14.95±2.64 years, mean of uric acid in metabolic syndrome group was 4.8±1.4 mg/dl and in the control group was 4.18±1.01 mg/d (P=0.001). Participants were divided into three groups based on uric acid levels: &le4.9 mg/dl, 4.9-5.7 mg/dl and >5.7 mg/dl. The risk of metabolic syndrome was significantly higher in third group of uric acid than the second and first group (odds ratio [OR], 3.7 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.70 - 8.04) and (OR, 5.9 95% CI, 2.42-14.35, P<0.001). In addition, uric acid level was inversely associated with hyperglycemia. The ORs of hypertriglyceridemia for the second and third group of uric acid were 4.36 (95% CI, 2.01- 9.47) 5.75 (95% CI, 2.43-13.61) respectively, compared with lowest group of UA. Conclusion: The results showed that hyperuricemia was significantly linked with increased risk for hypertriglyceridemia, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level, high blood pressure and waist circumference. Among Ahvaz adolescents, serum concentrations of uric acid strongly associated with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and several of its components.

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