Volume 74, Issue 2 (May 2016)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2016, 74(2): 113-119 | Back to browse issues page

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Rafati S, Borna H, Hajebrahim Tehrani F, Akhavi Rad S M B, Abdolla Poor Z. The effect of listening to Quran on umbilical cord cortisol level during caesarean section under spinal anesthesia . Tehran Univ Med J. 2016; 74 (2) :113-119
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-7406-en.html
1- Department of Pediatrics, Shahed University of Medical Sci-ences, Mustafa Khomeini Hospital, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Pediatrics, Shahed University of Medical Sci-ences, Mustafa Khomeini Hospital, Tehran, Iran. , hbborna@yahoo.com
3- General Practitioner, Shahed University of Medical Sciences, Mustafa Khomeini Hospital, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (2371 Views)

Background: Surgery and pain increases cortisol levels with inducing hormonal responses. By reducing stress, adverse effects of cortisol can be controlled and accelerated the healing process. Religious practices like listening to Quran have important roles in reducing anxiety. Moreover, the level of cortisol hormone of the blood is one of the best indicators of the stress level. The aim of this study was to investigating the effect of listening to Quran on the plasma cortisol level of the umbilical cord in cesarean with spinal anesthesia.

Methods: A clinical trial study was designed and conducted on sixty primigravid mothers who were hospitalized to deliver their first baby by elective caesarian operation, 30 of them were selected as intervention group and 30 of them were selected as control group. For the subjects of the intervention group, the personal information questionnaires were completed and their vital signs were recorded. Also, their blood was sampled for measuring cortisol level. Then they listened to Quran. After spinal anesthesia, vital signs were recorded and the blood of umbilical cord was sampled for measuring the cortisol level. For the subjects of the control group, all the steps were done except listening to Quran. Two groups were statistically homogenous in the variables of age, gestational age, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure, pulse rate and cortisol levels before the intervention. The mean and SD cortisol in intervention group before and after listening to the Quran were 39.08±10.71 versus 41.10±5.05.

Results: The reduction of cortisol level of the intervention group (who listened to Quran) was significantly greater than of the control group P=0.035. Systolic blood pressure of the intervention group in the operating ward had statistically significant reduction relation to the systolic blood pressure before operation P=0.043. However systolic blood pressure of the control group in the operating ward had not statistically significant reduction relation to the systolic blood pressure before operation P=0.357. Listening to Quran has no effect on diastolic blood pressure and pulse rate.

Conclusion: Listening to Quran before caesarean affects the change of plasma cortisol level and the systolic blood pressure.

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Type of Study: Original Article |

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