Volume 74, Issue 3 (June 2016)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2016, 74(3): 183-189 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghaoomi M, Aminimoghaddam S, Safari H, Mahmoudzadeh A. Awareness and practice of cervical cancer and Pap smear testing in a teaching hospital in Tehran. Tehran Univ Med J. 2016; 74 (3) :183-189
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-7461-en.html
1- Department of Medical Physiology, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Hormozgan, Iran.
2- Department of Gynecology Oncology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , dr_aminimoghaddam@yahoo.com
3- Department of Human Anatomy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Civil Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (3262 Views)

Background: Cervical cancer is known to be preventable because of long period of pre-invasive stage, availability of screening tools, and effective treatments for early invasive cervical lesions. Screening is main measures to prevent the disease and Pap smear is a screening strategy for cervical cancer. Current paper aimed to evaluate levels of awareness and practice regarding Pap smear screening among women aged between 20 to 65 years in Tehran (Iran).

Methods: This was a descriptive-analytical study conducted in Tehran City of Iran in 2015 at Firoozgar Hospital. The research population included all married, widowed and divorced women aged 20-65 years. Data analysis was performed using the Pearson correlation and Student’s t-tests in SPSS, ver. 23 (Chicago, IL, USA).

Results: Among 90 individuals who have fill questionnaire completely, 66.6% subjects had Pap smear tests. 40% of the individuals aged between 30 to 39 and the education level is distributed equally between Intermediate, Diploma and graduate and only 3 percent of them, continue their education to higher level. There was a significant relationship between the awareness of Pap smear and educational level (of both wives and husbands). The people who have graduate degree, have the best awareness. Working women revealed higher level of awareness about Pap smear. Shame and fear of taking the cancer were the most common reasons which lead to avoidance in doing the test by the women, while the most encouraging factors for performing the test were the information mostly provided by physicians and after that, the information provided by friends.

Conclusion: The awareness of Pap smear test which was measured by weighting different questions in the questionnaire by experts, prove that the women aged above 39, have an average level of awareness of Pap smear test. Due to high prevalence of cervical cancer and prolonged pre invasive course, role of Pap smear for early diagnosis necessitate the use of proper and inexpensive instructional methods to increase awareness in women about cervical cancer and preventive strategies.

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Type of Study: Original Article |

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