Volume 76, Issue 3 (June 2018)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2018, 76(3): 191-196 | Back to browse issues page

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Shokrollahi S M R, Heydari H, Rezvan S, Barati A, Nikkhah M H. Investigating the causes of skin rashes in children admitted to Hospital. Tehran Univ Med J. 2018; 76 (3) :191-196
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-8833-en.html
1- Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
2- Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran. , hoseinheydari3375@yahoo.com
3- Student Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
4- Deputy of Research and Technology, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
Abstract:   (179 Views)
Background: Rash is a common complaint in children that has many causes and the various differential diagnoses. Therefore, urgent and appropriate clinical diagnosis is necessary to provide immediate medical intervention. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the causes of skin rash in children hospitalized due to rash.
Methods: This descriptive-analytic study was performed on all patients admitted for skin rashes in Hazrat Masoumeh Hospital in Qom, Iran from 2010 to 2015. In this study, the data of 317 patients who were admitted to the early diagnosis of rash were collected from patients' files and recorded in the checklist.
Results: According to our study, the most common causes of skin rashes in children were viruses with a share of 40.69% (129 cases), allergic causes being as prevalent as 21.77% (69 cases) and drug induced rashes that accounted for 20.50% (65 cases). Based on the site and type of rashes, the most common type of rashes were maculopapular rashes with 42% and hives with 31.9% prevalence, and the most common site of involvement was diffuse involvement that would account for 84% of the cases. In terms of drug use history, 35.6% had a history of antibiotic use prior to admission, and 14.5% had an antiepileptic drug use history. There was a significant relationship between the cause of rashes and the season of presentation (P< 0.05) as well as the age of presentation (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: This study showed that there is a significant relationship between the season and age of occurrence, but the use of these factors as a benchmark for the diagnosis of rash requires more studies. Paying attention to the causes of rash in children, knowing about these factors, and continuous evaluation of these patients can help in advancing a proper management of the problem of patients. The most frequent factors were viruses and then allergic and pharmaceutical agents, and the most common type was maculopapular.
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Type of Study: Original Article |

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