Volume 72, Issue 11 (February 2015)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2015, 72(11): 733-741 | Back to browse issues page

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Soleimani F, Sharifi N, Rasti Borujeni F, Amiri M, Khazaiyan S, Fathnezhad Kazemi A. Nourodevelopmental follow-up in high-risk infants: review article. Tehran Univ Med J. 2015; 72 (11) :733-741
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6498-en.html
1- Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.
4- Department of Midwifery, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran. , afnkazemi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (6509 Views)
Growing and developing are influenced by genetic, social and environmental factors and it's most important and initial phase step is formed of the early life of the fetus and infant. According to the world health organization, the incidence of preterm birth and low birth weight are increasing in most countries that most of it related to developing countries. Low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth are one the most important causes of death in the world and therefore are considered as one of the major health problems that can affect growing and developing so that it can threaten public health. Advances in medical technology in recent decades at intensive care unit, increased survival of premature infants and high-risk specialist care is needed, but failed, to reduce the complications of premature birth but it couldn’t reduce complications of preterm birth. There is also an increased recognition of the potential disconnect between perinatal outcomes and long-term outcomes. The administration of oxygen and postnatal steroids are prime examples of interventions that may have immediate positive effects but negative long-term effects. Many premature babies will be encounter with mobility problems, cognitive, neurosensory impairments, cerebral palsy, cognitive and language delays, neuromotor developmental delay, blindness and hearing loss, behavioral and psychosocial disorders, learning difficulties and dysfunction in scholastic performances in the future. These disadvantages appear to persist into adulthood and therefore have broad implications for society. Without a doubt, one of the tragedies of the world is people with physical or mental damage caused by premature birth, many of these disorders are not early diagnosed and the prediction of long term complications of infants discharged from the NICU is difficult. Although nourodevelopmental follow-up of these babies is a necessary part of the neonatal assessment but there is no standard process for it. The present review article aims to introduce the care process and tools that is used for following-up these babies, also introduces the application of screening tools for neuro-developmental care.
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Type of Study: Review Article |

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