Volume 62, Issue 2 (12 2004)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2004, 62(2): 166-174 | Back to browse issues page

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Beigy A, Salavati J. Comparison Of Late Second-Trimester Non-stress Test Characteristics Between Small For Gestational Age And Appropriate For Gestational Age Fetuses. Tehran Univ Med J. 2004; 62 (2) :166-174
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-1135-en.html
Abstract:   (7671 Views)

Background: The purpose of this study was to compare electronic fetal heart rate monitoring (EFM) characteristics between Appropriate for Gestational Age (AGA ) and Small for Gestational Age (SGA) fetuses and to determine whether SGA fetuses have specific abnormalities.

Materials and Methods: Among children born from Apr 2002 to Mar 2003 in Arash hospital, we identified 300 singleton infants born after 36 weeks' gestation of uncomplicated pregnancies in whom second-trimester (24-27 weeks' gestation) EFM records were obtained. Individual components of fetal heart rate (FHR) pattern baseline rate, baseline FHR variability, presence of acceleration and periodic and episodic deceleration , and birth characteristics were compared between AGA and SGA infants or between pregnancies with or without second-trimester decelerations. Statistical analysis was performed using Student t, Chi square and Fisher exact test.

Results: Among 300 infants, 261 (87%) were AGA and 39 (13%) were SGA 65 had and 235 did not have second-trimester decelerations. Baseline FHR variability, second- trimester decelerations and intrapartum FHR decelerations were significantly higher in SGA fetuses than in AGA fetuses (P<0.05). Birth weight and gestational age were significantly lower in SGA fetuses than in AGA fetuses (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in baseline rate and acceleration ,maternal age and parity, Apgar score in 1 minute, meconium staining, mode of delivery, NICU admission, between SGA and AGA infants. Small for Gestational Age infants were more frequent in pregnancies with second-trimester decelerations compared with those without second-trimester deceleration (P<0.05). Baseline FHR variability in pregnancies with second-trimester decelerations was significantly higher than in pregnancies without second-trimester deceleration (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Periodic or episodic decelerations and increased FHR variability during late second-trimester EFM were associated with an increased risk of SGA infant

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