Volume 80, Issue 5 (August 2022)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2022, 80(5): 344-350 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Pediatrics, Bahrami Children's Hospital, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Maternal-Fetal Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Pediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology Research Center, Bahrami Children's Hospital, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , dr_k_eftekhary@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (577 Views)
Background: Due to the chronic nature of diabetes, children with type 1 diabetes are prone to a number of long-term complications. One of the most important complications of this disease is cardiovascular involvement due to atherosclerosis, which is directly related to the control of blood lipids. The use of probiotics may be effective in the process of complications in these patients by affecting fat metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of oral probiotics on lipid profiles in children with type 1 diabetes.
Methods: This study was conducted at Bahrami Children's Hospital from May 2018 to May 2019. In this single-blind randomized controlled clinical trial, 52 children with type 1 diabetes (aged 2 to 16 years) were studied. We created two groups of 26 individuals. The inclusion criteria were determined as follows: Proof of T1DM by history and information of children’s medical record. Also, the Exclusion criteria were determined in this way: Patients consuming probiotics in the last 4 weeks, gastrointestinal infections in the last 2 weeks, and presence of chronic underlying intestinal diseases. The probiotic group received, in addition to insulin therapy, a daily probiotic capsule for 90 days. The control group received only routine insulin therapy. Blood samples were taken to measure lipid profiles at the beginning and end of the trial.
Results: A total of 52 patients were included. The mean age of children was 9.3±2.9 (4 to 14 years). The mean age in the probiotic and control groups was 9.6±3.5 and 9.4±3.0 respectively. The results of this study showed that HDL-C was increased in the probiotic group compared to the control group, although it was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Also, changes in total cholesterol, LDL-C, and triglyceride were not statistically significant.
Conclusion: In this study, the use of oral probiotics for 90 days in children with type 1 diabetes did not have a significant effect on blood lipid profiles compared to the control group.
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Type of Study: Original Article |

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