Volume 57, Issue 2 (8 1999)                   Tehran Univ Med J 1999, 57(2): 37-48 | Back to browse issues page

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Kazemi Khaledi A. Predisposing factors to development of mitral regurgitation and valve area. Tehran Univ Med J 1999; 57 (2) :37-48
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-1472-en.html
Abstract:   (9168 Views)
Background: Percutaneous Transeptal Mitral Commisurotomy (PTMC) has been used in treating mitral stenosis with variable success, its main complication being mitral incompetence. There is a need to define the subgroup of the patients who benefit mostly from the procedure. Methods: We studied 110 patients (age 17 to 60 years mean 33.2) with mitral stenosis. PTMC was performed though femoral vein. All patients underwent echocardiographic evaluation, both before and after the procedure. Clinical, hemodynamic and echocardiographic data were gathered and used to predict the outcome. Results: PTMC was successful in all 110 patients in alleviating the stenosis (mean transmitral gradient before procedure was 17.1 mmHg after procedure 4.4 mmHg). There was no mortality or major complication other than occurrence of mitral regurgitation in 9 cases. In this group only one patient subsequently needed a mitral valve replacement operation. The following parameters were found to have a significant correlation with the success rate of PTMC: lower age, shorter duration of illness, functional class III and IV, larger EF slope, smaller EPSS, smaller amplitude of valve motion, limitation of the posterior leaflet motion and negative history for open commisurotomy. The incidence of mitral regurgitation after procedure was found to be correlated with: atrial fibrillation rhythm before PTMC, lower age, longer duration of illness, more frequent relapse of rheumatic fever, functional class III and IV, less EF slope, limitation of the valve motion, larger left atrium, calcification of posterior leaflet and subvalvular extension. Conclusions: Balloon Mitral Valvuloplasty is an effective and relatively safe procedure in the management of the mitral stenosis. With the proper selection of the patients with the favorable outcome parameters, the rate of complication can be reduced.
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