Volume 69, Issue 12 (5 2012)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2012, 69(12): 787-792 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist, Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , drshokofehradfar@yahoo.com
2- Medical Student, Baqhiatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Statistics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Psychology, Red Crescent Society of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Tehran, Iran.
5- Department of Psychology, Tehran, City of Educational Organization, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (5589 Views)

Background: Cognitive problems in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) include poor concentration and impaired memory. Prevalence of PTSD in all aspects of life is 8% in USA. Regarding the importance of memory in functional levels, this study was performed to review memory status in these patients.

Methods: Fifty male war veterans with PTSD and major depression and 50 male non-veterans with depression participated in this study performed at psychiatric outpatient ward in Baqiyatallah hospital during 2008-2009. The patients met the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria. Depression severity, sex, age, educational level, and marital status were matched in both groups. A psychologist completed demographic and Mississippi questionnaires, PTSD checklist (PCL), beck depression Inventory and wechsler memory scale. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 11.0). A P-value smaller than 0.05 was considered significant.

Results: The mean age of the veterans and non-veterans was 43.9±4.7 and 42±9.4 years, respectively. Memory status did not differ between the two groups (P>0.05). There was no statistically significant correlation between duration and severity of PTSD with memory impairment (P>0.05). A negative correlation was found between personal and general information with re-experiencing in the veterans (P<0.05). Impaired memory was correlated with age greater than 45, educational level lower than high school diploma, severity of depression and longer participation in war.

Conclusion: Although both PTSD and major depression affected memory, but memory status did not differ between patients with PTSD and depression and patients with chronic depression.

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