Volume 70, Issue 12 (5 2013)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2013, 70(12): 751-759 | Back to browse issues page

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A L, N D, A O, H M. The effect of cytosolic extract of Alternaria aternata fungus on Monocyte-derived dendritic cell maturation and T-lymphocyte polarization in the presence of myelin basic protein. Tehran Univ Med J 2013; 70 (12) :751-759
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-42-en.html
Abstract:   (8832 Views)

Background: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease with impairment in function of central nervous system. Macrophages and dendritic cells play important roles in alleviating or progression of the disease. These cells can cause inflammation and damage to the myelin of nerve cells by realizing of harmful substances when these cells get matured. We studied the effect of Alternaria alternata extract on maturation of monocyte- derived dendritic cell (modc) and T-cell responses in the presence of Myelin Basic Protein (MBP) as a laboratory model of multiple sclerosis (MS). The purpose of this study is suitable dendritic cells production for usage in MS immunotherapy.
Methods: For this study plastic adherent monocytes were cultured with granulocyte/ macrophage- colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and interleukin -4 for converting these cells to modc and pulsed with MBP and matured in the presence of monocyte-conditioned medium (MCM) in control group and MCM + Alternaria alternata extract in treatment groups. Anti-CD14, anti-CD83, anti-human leukocyte antigen-DR (anti HLA-DR) monoclonal antibody were carried out for phenotyping. Autologos T cell responses and cytokine production were evaluated.
Results: The results showed that the expression of CD14 decreased and CD83, HLA-DR increased in treatment groups in comparison with control groups. The production amount of IL-10 overcame IL-12 and in T cell the production of cytokines, IL-17 and Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) decreased and IL-4 was increased (P<0.05). These effects escalated with increasing of dosage from 50 to 100 (mg/ml) (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Alternaria alternata extract can cause maturation of MBP-pulsed modc and skewing of T- lymphocyte toward Th2 and thereby can evolve into a new strategy in immunotherapy of MS.

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