Volume 70, Issue 12 (5 2013)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2013, 70(12): 793-797 | Back to browse issues page

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S N, M F, A T. Staphylococcal superantigens toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 and enterotoxins in pediatric otitis media effusion: a brief report. Tehran Univ Med J 2013; 70 (12) :793-797
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-48-en.html
Abstract:   (6973 Views)

Background: Staphylococcal superantigens (SAg&aposs) may have some role in otitis media with effusion (OME). The aim of this study was the search of staphylococcal SAg&aposs in middle ear effusion of children with OME. 
Methods: This cross sectional-analytic study was done in ENT & pediatric wards upon 64 children with otitis media with effusion (OME) between 1-15 years, (mean age=7.42+4 years) of Rasoul Akram University Hospital, Tehran, Iran in 2009-2011. Fifty six percent (36) of cases were male, 43.8% (28) were female. Staphylococcal SAg&aposs Toxic Shock Syndrome Toxin-1 (TSST-1), Staphylococcal enterotoxin A, B, C, D (Enzyme immune assay, AB Cam, USA) were detected in middle ear effusion samples after conventional culture.
Results: None type of SAg&aposs found in 39% of OME cases, enterotoxin B found in: 22% enterotoxin A: 17%, enterotoxin C: 15.6%, enterotoxin D: 12.5%, Toxic Shock Syndrome Toxin-1 (TSST-1): 7.8% Mean age of cases with positive TSST-1, enterotoxin A, B, C, and D was: 1, 5, 8.6, 9.6 and 9.6 years respectively. Positive TSST had no agreement with positive enterotoxin A and C but had weak agreement with type B and D. Mean age of cases with positive TSST was one years which had significant difference with (7.9 years) in cases with negative TSST test (P<0.0001).
Conclusion: At least one or more type of staphylococcal toxins had found in middle ear effusion of 70% of OME cases with negative culture for Staphylococcus aureus. Even in culture negative cases, staphylococcal toxins might have some immunologic role in middle ear effusion forming. Finding the SAg&aposs (at least one type) are important for treatment of immunosuppressive or corticosteroid in cases with resistant OME.

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