Volume 71, Issue 4 (July 2013)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2013, 71(4): 216-223 | Back to browse issues page

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Jabalameli M, Rahbar M, Radi M, Hadi H. The results of high tibial open wedge osteotomy in patients with varus deformity . Tehran Univ Med J. 2013; 71 (4) :216-223
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5262-en.html
1- , meh_radi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (8189 Views)

Background: High tibial open wedg osteotomy is one of the most important modality for treatment of varus deformity in order to correct deformity and improving signs and symptoms of patients with primary degenerative osteoarthritis. The aim of this study was to investigate the results of high tibial open wedge osteotomy in patients with varus deformities.
Methods: This retrospective study conducted on twenty nine patients (36 knees) undergone proximal tibial osteotomy operation in Shafa Yahyaian University Hospital from 2004 to 2010. Inclusion criteria were: age less than 60 years, high physical activity, varus deformity and involvement of medical compartment of knee. Patients with obesity, smoking, patelofemoral pain, lateral compartment lesion, deformity degree more than 20 degree, extension limitation and range of motion less than 90 degree were excluded. The clinical and radiologic characteristics were measured before and after operation.
Results: Fourteen patients were females. All of them were younger than 50 years, with mean (±SD) 27.64 (±10.88). The mean (±SD) of follow up time was 4.33 (±1.7). All the patients were satisfied with the results of operation. Tenderness and pain decreased in all of them. In all patients autologus bone graft were used, in 15 cases (42.5%) casting and in the rest T.Buttress plate were used for fixation of fractures. In both groups of primary and double varus the International knee documentation committee (IKDC) and modified Larson indices were improved after operation, but there was no significant difference between two groups.
Conclusion: High tibial open wedge osteotomy can have satisfying results in clinical signs and symptoms of patients with primary medial joint degenerative osteoarthritis. This procedure also may correct the deformity and improves the radiologic parameters of the patients.

Keywords: Genuvarum, osteotomy, tibia
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