Volume 71, Issue 6 (September 2013)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2013, 71(6): 395-403 | Back to browse issues page

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Ebrahimi S M, Parsa-Yekta Z, Nikbakht-Nasrabadi A, Hosseini S M, Sedighi S, Salehi-Surmaghi M. Ginger effects on control of chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting. Tehran Univ Med J. 2013; 71 (6) :395-403
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5429-en.html
1- , zparsa@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (12514 Views)

Background : Chemotherapy-induced nausea (CIN) in the anticipatory and acute phase is the most common side effect in cancer therapy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ginger capsules on the alleviation of this problem.

Methods : This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed on 80 women with breast cancer between August till December 2009 in Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran, Iran. These patients underwent one-day chemotherapy regime and suffering from chemotherapy-induced nausea. After obtaining written consent, samples were randomly assigned into intervention and control groups. Two groups were matched based on the age and emetic effects of chemotherapy drugs used. The intervention group received ginger capsules (250 mg, orally) four times a day (1 gr/d) and the same samples from the placebo group received starch capsules (250 mg, orally) for three days before to three days after chemotherapy. To measure the effect of capsules a three-part questionnaire was used, so the samples filled every night out these tools. After collecting the information, the gathered data were analyzed by statistical tests like Fisher’s exact, Kruskal-Wallis and Chi-square using version 8 of STATA software.

Results : The mean ± SD of age in the intervention and placebo groups were 41.8 ± 8.4 and 45.1 ± 10 years, respectively. Results indicated that the severity and number of nausea in the anticipatory phase were significantly lower in the ginger group compared with placebo group (P=0.0008, P=0.0007, respectively). Also, the intensity (P=0.0001) and number (P=0.0001) of nausea in the acute phase were significantly lower in the ginger group. On the other hand, taking ginger capsules compared with placebo did not result in any major complications.

Conclusion: Consuming ginger root powder capsules (1 gr/d) from three days before chemotherapy till three days after it in combination with the standard anti-emetic regimen can help to reduce the anticipatory and acute nausea.
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