Volume 71, Issue 12 (March 2014)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2014, 71(12): 807-815 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
2- Reproductive Health, Department of Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran. , maryamzakerihamidi@yahoo.co.nz
3- Department Pediatrics Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.
Abstract:   (16913 Views)
Background: Normal vaginal delivery is the best method of delivery. Vaginal delivery is followed by the best pregnancy outcomes. Reducing the rate of cesarean delivery has been a health goal for the United States with economic and social advantages. This study has been conducted with aim of maternal and neonatal outcomes of Normal Vaginal Delivery (NVD) and comparing with cesarean delivery. Methods: This descriptive- analytic study was conducted in Ghaem University Hospital in Mashhad during years 2007 until 2013. Five hundred thirty six full term infants aged 3- 14 day, born either by NVD as control group or cesarean delivery as case group par-ticipated in this study. Sampling was a convenient method. The data in questionnaire containing maternal information (maternal age, mode of delivery, maternal weight, du-ration of delivery, duration of maternal hospitalization, let down reflex, breast feeding status) and neonatal information (age, sex, Apgar score, urination frequency and defe-cation frequency) were collected by a researcher. Results: According to the findings of this study, the infant’s age (P=0.425), admission weight (P=0.278), jaundice access (P=0.162), urination frequency (P=0.165), maternal weight (P=0.869) showed no statistically significant difference between two delivery methods. Time of the first breast feeding after childbirth (P=0.000), defecation fre-quency (P=0.000), maternal age (P=0.000), maternal parity (P=0.003), duration of de-livery (P=0.000), duration of maternal hospitalization (P=0.025), feeding position (P=0.029), let down reflex (P=0.012), mastitis (P=0.025) and breast problems (P=0.027) showed statistically significant difference between the groups. It means defecation frequency, duration of maternal hospitalization, Apgar score, mastitis and breast problems were more in cesarean group, but early breast feeding after delivery, duration of delivery, proper breastfeeding position and let down reflex were more in NVD group. Conclusion: The results of this study showed in comparison with cesarean delivery, normal vaginal delivery provides better outcomes in terms of breast problems, breast feeding status, duration of labor and duration of maternal hospitalization for both mother and infant. So, adopting careful instructions in management and administration of deliveries will help the prevalence of making decisions for normal vaginal delivery and the recovery of delivery outcomes.
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Type of Study: Original Article |