Volume 72, Issue 4 (July 2014)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2014, 72(4): 222-228 | Back to browse issues page

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Sadati L, Golchini E, Pazouki A, Jesmi F, Pishgahroudsari M. Effect of preoperative education on recovery time of laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a randomized clinical trial. Tehran Univ Med J. 2014; 72 (4) :222-228
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6073-en.html
1- Operating Room Group, Para medicine Faculty, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.
2- Anatomy group, Tehran Univer-sity of Medical Sciences, Tehran. Iran.
3- Minimally Invasive Surgery Re-search Center, Rasool-e-Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences Tehran, Iran. , research_center88@yahoo.com
4- Minimally Invasive Surgery Re-search Center, Rasool-e-Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (15899 Views)
Background: Nowadays, new methods are emerging each month for a better operation with fewer complications. Laparoscopic surgery have remarkable advantages, Compared to open, such as smaller incision, less manipulation of the digestive system, less postoperative pain, fewer wound complication and faster discharge from the hospital. Therefore it is preferred by patients and surgeons and is replacing the traditional open surgical methods. However, any operation causes significant panic for patients and lack of knowledge about the surgical method is found to cause poor surgical outcomes, such as recovery time after the surgery we evaluated the effect of preoperative education on the recovery time of laparoscopic cholecystectomy candidates. Methods: This randomized clinical control trial was performed at Imam Khomeini and Alborz Hospitals in Karaj from February 2010 till January 2011. Using randomized sampling method, 100 female candidates for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were divided into two equal groups of case and control. The case group received detailed information about operating room’s condition, surgical equipment, anesthesia method, advantages and disadvantages of laparoscopic procedures, and patient’s role in self-care at recovery, whilst the control group received no education before the surgery. The two groups were compared regarding recovery time based on Aldrete modified checklist and mean time to reach the Aldrete consciousness score of 9 and the incidence of nausea was assessed among them. Results: The analysis showed that there was a significant difference between the mean time to reach Aldrete consciousness modified checklist score of 9 between the case and control group (18.04±3.87 vs. 29.66±5.44, respectively, P<0.001), therefore the case group had shorter recovery time than the control group. 10 of the case group (20%) and 3 of the control group (6%) had nausea after recovery (P=0.037, OR=0.255 (CI 95%: 0.066-0.992)). Conclusion: Preoperative education of patients can significantly decrease the recovery time after laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery. Therefore, it is strongly recommended to include the preoperative education in routine care of laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients for better surgical outcomes.
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