Volume 72, Issue 4 (July 2014)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2014, 72(4): 268-272 | Back to browse issues page

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Keypour F, Naghi I. Diabetes Insipidus after normal vaginal delivery: a case report. Tehran Univ Med J 2014; 72 (4) :268-272
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6080-en.html
1- Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Akbarabadi Teaching Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , dr_farideh_keypour@yahoo.com
2- General Practitioner, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (14030 Views)
Background: A variety of endocrine disorders can complicate pregnancy. Diabetes insipidus although uncommon, may have devastating effect on pregnancy outcome, if unrecognized and untreated. The etiology of diabetes insipidus is often unknown, many cases are likely autoimmune, with lymphocytic infiltration of the posterior pituitary gland. Massive polyuria, caused by failure of the renal tubular concentrating mechanism, and dilute urine, with a specific gravity 1.005, are characteristic of diabetes insipidus. The diagnosis of diabetes insipidus relies on the finding of continued polyuria and relative urinary hyposmolarity when water is restricted. Most women require increased doses Desmopressin Acetate during pregnancy because of an increased metabolic clearance rate stimulated by placental Vasopressinase. By this same mechanism, subclinical diabetes insipidus may become symptomatic during pregnancy. Transient diabetes insipidus is associated with acute fatty liver and HELLP syndrome as well as twin gestation. Increased placental Vasopressinase activity, along with insufficient liver degradation in HELLP syndrome and acute fatty liver, may unmask this condition. Diabetes insipidus in pregnancy is rare. The disease results from inadequate or absent antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin) production by the posterior pituitary gland. The increased glomerular filtration rate seen in pregnancy may increase the requirement for antidiuretic hormone. Case presentation: We present a 39 years old woman, gravida3 para3, was admitted to Akbarabadi Teaching Hospital in september 2013. She was admitted due to polyuria, malaise, thirst with slight fever, six days after normal vaginal delivery. The urine volume was 8 lit/day and the specific gravity (S.G.) of the urine was 1.010. The urine osmolarity was lower than the plasma osmolarity. Electrolyte serum examination showed hypernatremia. The patient received 5 µg/day of synthetic vasopressin, in the form of l- deamino-8-Darginine vasopressin (DDAVP). This drug was given as intranasal spray in doses 0.25 mg twice daily. Plasma electrolytes and fluid status monitored carefully with initiation of therapy. DDAVP was used because it was not degraded by vasopressinase. Treatment was continuing, when the symptoms of central diabetes insipidus resolve and urinary concentrating ability was preferred. Maximum urinary osmolality over the next 11 hours was assessed, 730 mosm/kg was considered normal. Conclusion: Close attention to electrolyte and fluid balance is important in the postpartum period. The symptoms of transient vasopressin-resistant diabetes insipidus resolve in few days to a few weeks after vaginal delivery or when hepatic function returns to normal.
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Type of Study: Case Report |

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