Volume 72, Issue 9 (December 2014)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2014, 72(9): 617-622 | Back to browse issues page

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Aminimoghaddam S, Mahmoudzadeh F, Maghsoudnia A, Ghaemmaghami F. Intraoperative visualization, frozen section, and permanent pathology in endometrial cancer. Tehran Univ Med J 2014; 72 (9) :617-622
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6386-en.html
1- Department of Gynecology Oncology, Firoozgar Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sci-ences, Tehran, Iran. , dr_aminimoghaddam@yahoo.com
2- Department of General Med-icine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
3- Department of Information Technology, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Gynecology Oncology, Vali asr Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (6702 Views)
Background: Endometrial carcinoma is considered the most common gynecological cancer in the world. Pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy is widely advised based on FIGO staging system. Intra-operative frozen sections analysis is used to identify pa-tients at high risk for pelvic and para-aortic nodal metastasis evading lymphadenec-tomy in low-risk patients. However there is still some controversy concerning the effi-ciency of IFS. The aim of this study was to determine the validity and precision of fro-zen section diagnosis and gross examination of uterine specimen compared to the final histological results in patients with endometrial cancer. Methods: Patients diagnosed as endometrial cancer based on office biopsy using a Pipelle or D&C who underwent surgical staging were compared for frozen section anal-ysis and permanent diagnosis. Patients with the history of radiotherapy or other types of cancer or co existence malignancies were excluded. Results: There was no relation between the tumor size and lymph node involvement and the results were not significant (P= 0.1). Frozen section analysis was significantly accurate and correct in predicting final histopathological results (P< 0.0001). It has been shown that in more than 90% of patients the diagnosis made by frozen section analysis was in accordance with final pathology with considerable sensitivity and spec-ificity. Gross examination was also precise in determining myometrial microscopic in-vasions (P< 0.0001). Conclusion: Although the sample size of the studied population was small but our study results support the previous data and suggest that in early stages and low grade tumors, gross examination and frozen section diagnosis are conveniently predictive of lymph node metastasis. These data might be useful for prediction of tumor invasion using frozen section and gross examination in low grade tumors and early stages and for doing complete surgical staging and lymph node sampling. However the im-portance of surgical staging always must be considered in patients who need systemat-ic lymphadenectomy. In overall these data might help to come up with new guidelines for surgical risk assessment in endometrial cancer.
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Type of Study: Original Article |

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