Volume 73, Issue 1 (April 2015)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2015, 73(1): 31-39 | Back to browse issues page

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Nanbakhsh F, Ilkhanizadeh B, Moghadasian Niaki N, Oshnouei S, Mazloomi P. Clinical results of microinjection with long protocol and prednisolone addition. Tehran Univ Med J. 2015; 73 (1) :31-39
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6571-en.html
1- Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, Urmia Universi-ty of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran. , faribanan@yahoo.com
2- Department of Pathology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.
3- General Practitioner, Reproduc-tive Health Research Center, Ur-mia University of Medical Scienc-es, Urmia, Iran.
4- Reproductive Health Research Center, Urmia University of Med-ical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.
Abstract:   (15157 Views)
Background: Last decades, we have observed major improvements in treating infertility by using microinjection. However, reduction in abortion or increase in fertility has not been significant. It seems use of corticosteroids improves clinical outcomes during assisted reproductive technology (ART) techniques. Therefore, this study tried to show how corticosteroids therapy improves the results of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Methods: This semi clinical trial study without control group was included infertile women with more than one year’s infertility and were candidate to ICSI which were referred to Kosar Infertility Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences from April 2011 to September 2013. Patients received prednisolone which was started 20 mg/day from one day before embryo transfer to 7 days, then for 2 days more 1 tablet and stopped. Pregnancy outcomes were chemical and clinical pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy, multiple pregnancy and rate of abortion before 20 weeks. Beta human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) test was performed. Patients with positive pregnancy test were followed by sonography in 6, 12 weeks and 20 weeks of pregnancy. Results: One hundred and eighty one patients entered to the study. The mean± SD of age and fertility duration were 30.42± 6.07 and 7.69± 5.54 years. The mean± SD of transferred embryo was 4.60± 1.10 and embryo grading was 138 (44.7%) grade A, 124 (40.1%) grade B, 47 (15.2%) grade C, respectively. There were no significant difference between fresh/frozen embryo transfer in pregnancy outcomes (P> 0.05 in all of outcomes comparison). The incidence rate of biochemical pregnancy was 48.1% (87), clinical pregnancy rate with appearance of fetal heart was 44.2% (80), incidence rate of abortion before appearance of fetal heart (6 weeks) in women with intra-uterine pregnancy was 5.9% (5), incidence rate of abortion before 20 weeks was 12.9% (11). Incidence rate of ectopic pregnancy was 2.3% (2) and rate of multiple pregnancies was 32.5% (26). Conclusion: Our study suggests that the infertile patients who receive prednisolone in ICSI cycle, had improved pregnancy outcomes. Additional confirmatory studies are needed.
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