Volume 74, Issue 7 (October 2016)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2016, 74(7): 493-499 | Back to browse issues page

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Shirazi M, Azadi F, Shariat M, Niromanesh S, Shirazi M. Effectiveness of stress management training on stress reduction in pregnant women. Tehran Univ Med J. 2016; 74 (7) :493-499
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-7704-en.html
1- Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Research Center, Tehran Univer-sity of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Breast Feeding Research Center, Tehran university of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Research Center, Tehran Univer-sity of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Breast Feeding Research Center, Tehran university of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Psychology, Uni-versity of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran. , mshirazi@edpsy.usb.ir
Abstract:   (5687 Views)

Background: There are evidences that suggest the impact of stress on pregnancy outcome. Prolong antenatal depression and anxiety may cause lots of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as abortion, still birth, low birth weight and preterm labor. The aim of this pre-posttest randomized control trial study was to determine the role of stress management training in the first trimester on stress reduction in pregnant women referring to General Yas Women Hospital related to Tehran University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, Iran, from May 2014 to January 2016.

Methods: Anxiety status of 75 pregnant women in the first trimester was assessed by standard anxiety questioner using Hamilton anxiety rating score. Scores 18-25, 25-35 and >35 were considered for mild, moderate and severe anxiety, respectively. According to the level of anxiety, women with moderate and severe anxiety as the interventional group were arranged for participation in stress management workshops, applying mindfulness technique including: body scan, setting meditation and passing thought technique in 5 an hour sessions. For this experimental group were made available CD training for practicing lessons during the week. All groups didn’t need to medical treatment according to the psychiatrist interview. In the ending of therapy, clinical groups were assessed by anxiety scale again. Women with mild anxiety as the control group received only regular prenatal care without any psychological interventions. The validity and reliability of questioner were approved by experts in this field. This research was supported by Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services grant and also the study approved by ethics committee of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Data were analyzed using the statistical software SPSS version 18, and Student’s t-test analyses were performed.

Results: The level of anxiety and stress was decreased significantly between women in clinical groups, 27.5 to 14.1 for moderated level stress (P= 0.001) and 40.1 to 16.6 for high level of stress (P= 0.0001) respectively.

Conclusion: First trimester of pregnancy is a crucial stage of fetal growth and development. Based on our findings, stress management training in this period has beneficial effects on stress reduction and enhances maternal health status.

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