Volume 74, Issue 8 (November 2016)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2016, 74(8): 584-590 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Microbiology, Medical School, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
2- Department of Microbiology, Medical School, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. , alikhani@umsha.ac.ir
3- Department of Pharmacognosy, Pharmacy School, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
4- Department of Medical Genetics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (3631 Views)

Background: Multidrug-resistant bacteria make many problems in clinical therapy, design and manufacture of synthetic drugs. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the most important multidrug-resistance bacteria leads to variety infections in human especially in immunocompromised, patients with severe burns, and nosocomial infections. It Recent years, this organism makes a big challenge in clinical treatment of infections using a wide range of antibiotics. Medicinal herbs for thousands of years to prevent or treat infectious diseases were considered. Today, pharmacists have high interest of using medicinal herbs to prepare a new antimicrobial compounds. The goal of this study was to investigation the effect of aqueous and alcoholic extract of fresh garlic on the expression of genes encoding elastase and exotoxin A virulence factors, in P. aeruginosa PAO1 strain.

Methods: Present study was an experimental study and performed from 2015 to 2016 in Hamadan University of Medical Science, Iran. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) of aqueous and alcoholic extract of garlic was determined. Then in order to investigation the gene expression of elastase and exotoxin A genes, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) method was performed at sub-MBC concentrations.

Results: According to the results aqueous extracts of garlic had better impact in comparison with alcoholic alone. At concentration of 64 and 8 mg/ml of aqueous extract the expression of both elastase and exotoxin A genes were decreased. Although, the expression of elastase gene was most affected by garlic at different concentrations than exotoxin A.

Conclusion: The results suggested that the compositions of garlic extracts can inhibit the production of virulence factors in P. aeruginosa. So in order to treat infectious diseases in the near future, medicinal plants known as new antimicrobial drugs can be used alone or with antibiotic drugs against pathogenic bacteria.

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Type of Study: Original Article |