Volume 74, Issue 12 (March 2017)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2017, 74(12): 885-892 | Back to browse issues page

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Kermani M, Dowlati M, Jonidi Jafari A, Rezaei Kalantari R. Health impact caused by exposure to particulate matter in the air of Tehran in the past decade. Tehran Univ Med J 2017; 74 (12) :885-892
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-7886-en.html
1- Research Center for Environmental Health Technology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Research Center for Environmental Health Technology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , mohsendowlati.69@gmail.com
Abstract:   (4516 Views)

Background: Air pollution, especially the phenomenon of dust and particulate matter can cause mortality of many civilians, and causes various diseases including cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. One of the major pollutants in the air is particulate matter that concentration has increased over recent years. So, present study with aim of Quantification Health Endpoints Attributed to particulate matter in Tehran, Capital of Iran during the past decade (2005-2014) by AirQ software, version 2.2.3 (WHO European Centre for Environment and Health) was performed.

Methods: This study is a descriptive-analytic investigation. The process of performance this study lasted 12 months. Subject of this the study and research was in Environmental Health Engineering Department of Iran University of Medical Sciences. Exact data of every hour pollutants were taken from Department of environmental (DOE) Islamic Republic Iran and Air Quality Control Company of Tehran. Then validated according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines and Statistical parameters for quantifying health effects were calculated in excel software. Finally, assessment of cases total mortality, cardiovascular mortality, respiratory mortality and cardiovascular disease and respiratory disease, with AirQ software was performed.

Results: The results of this study showed that the number of total mortality, cardiovascular mortality and respiratory mortality caused by exposure to Particulate matter smaller than 10 microns (PM10) in the past decade is 11776, 12121 and 33066 cases respectively. Also the total number of hospital admission due to cardiovascular disease and respiratory disease in the past decade is 20990 and 54352 cases in 2005-2014 years.

Conclusion: According to the results of this study, during the last decade the level of air pollution and Concentration of pollutants in Tehran Increased. Effects and health consequences due to exposure to Particulate matter smaller than 10 microns (PM10) in Tehran Metropolis Is very severe and increased mortality and cardiovascular and respiratory diseases among the citizens of Tehran.

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