Volume 65, Issue 5 (3 2007)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2007, 65(5): 65-69 | Back to browse issues page

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Dabirmoghaddam P, Baradarnfar M H, Ayatallahi V, Shakibapoor M. The effect of intravenous Dexamethasone and local Bupivacaine in post -tonsillectomy vomiting and pain. Tehran Univ Med J 2007; 65 (5) :65-69
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-790-en.html
Abstract:   (5465 Views)
Background: Tonsillectomy is the second most common pediatric surgery. Despite improvements in anesthetic and surgical technique, post-tonsillectomy pain continues to be a significant clinical concern for the patient, family, and physician. Young patients undergoing tonsillectomy experience postoperative pain and vomiting resulting in delays in oral feeding and in discharge from the hospital. Reduction of these side effects will lead to the improved quality of postoperative care. This study was performed to compare the efficacies of local Bupivacaine and intravenous Dexamethasone with that of a placebo on post-tonsillectomy pain and vomiting.
Methods: This clinical trial included 120 ASA I children, aged 3-15 years, undergoing tonsillectomy. The patients were randomly categorized into three groups: 1- local infiltration of 2 ml normal saline into the tonsillar pillar as a placebo 2- IV Dexamethasone (0.5 mg/kg, with a maximum of 16 mg) 3- local infiltration of 2 ml 0.5% Bupivacaine into the tonsillar pillar. After the operation, patients were observed regarding vomiting and pain at 0.5, 4, 24, 120 hours postextubation.
Results: Of 120 patients, 70 were male and 50 were female. The mean age of patients was 8.4 years. Three patients were missed in follow up. The questionnaire was completed for 117 patients. The mean duration of operation was longest in the placebo group (55 minutes) and shortest in Dexamethasone group (50 minutes). We noticed significant reduction in postoperative pain only in the Bupivacaine group and at the fourth postoperative hour. In the Dexamethasone group, during the first 24 hours, we could not statistically analyze the effect on vomiting. Since Bupivacaine and Dexamethasone reduce postoperative pain and vomiting, respectively, and are safe, cost-effective and available, we recommend using these drugs for tonsillectomy patients.
Conclusion: Considering the greater efficacy of Dexamethasone in the reduction of vomiting and that of Bupivacaine in pain reduction in other studies, we recommend further study to assess the use of these two drugs together.
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