Volume 65, Issue 2 (8 2008)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2008, 65(2): 40-45 | Back to browse issues page

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Keshvari A, Jafarian A, Makarem J, Rabbani A, Mirsharifi SM. Prediction of early failure of vascular-access arteriovenous fistula based on immediate postsurgical evaluation. Tehran Univ Med J 2008; 65 (2) :40-45
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-831-en.html
Abstract:   (25450 Views)
Background: For patients requiring chronic hemodialysis, the preferred site for vascular access is an autogenous arteriovenous fistula. Although a properly formed fistula is advantageous because it is less susceptible than other types of vascular accesses to infection and clot formation and can last longer than any other types of vascular access, AV fistula has a high rate of early failure that can increase immediate cost and complications. In this study, the prognostic value of physical examination of arteriovenous fistula by the surgeon at the end of the surgery was evaluated.
Methods: In the general surgery ward of Imam Khomeini Hospital in 326 chronic renal failure patients, 354 arteriovenous fistula operations were accomplished by two surgeons from 1377 to 1381 (ca. 1998 to 2002). The performance of each fistula was divided into the following groups by the surgeon at the end of operation: 1) systolic and diastolic thrill, 2) systolic thrill 3) souffle 4) pulse 5) not functional. Clinical function of the fistula was evaluated by the same surgeon in the following days if no souffle or thrill, early failure was detected on initial inspection.
Results: In the 354 cases of arteriovenous fistula, the total early failure rate was 12.7%. The lowest early-failure rate was 3.5% in the systolic and diastolic thrill group. The highest early-failure rate was in the not functional group (P<0.001). There was no correlation between early failure and age, sex, surgeon and location of fistula.
Conclusion: Optimally, an arteriovenous fistula has a thrill with a soft compressible pulse. At the end of each operation, if the surgeon cannot detect a thrill at the fistula site, can find only pulse, or if the function is otherwise unsatisfactory, considering of a new arteriovenous fistula may be required, however it is better to postpone the surgery.
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