Volume 64, Issue 1 (30 2006)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2006, 64(1): 21-26 | Back to browse issues page

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Rhezaii S, Hosseini A, Fallahi M. Evaluating Impact Of Communication Skills Training On Level Of Job Stress Among Nursing Personnel Working At Rehabilitation Centers In Cities: Ray- Tehran- Shemiranat. Tehran Univ Med J 2006; 64 (1) :21-26
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-999-en.html
Abstract:   (10483 Views)

Background and Aim: Today, work related stress has become a common and costly problem in work places that most of studies in the last 30 decades have engaged in this problem. Several reports indicate that the occupations such as nursing which have high psychological job demands and low decision latitude are very stressful. This stress can cause harmful physical and psychological effects on nurses’ health. On the other hand, job stress may result in high rates of injury, tardiness and absenteeism at work place and reduced productivity and organizational commitment leading to low quality of nursing care. Numerous studies suggested that learning new activities and skills such as communication skills is one of the best strategies against job stress .The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of communication Skills training in reducing work stress level among nursing personnel in rehabilitation centers.

Materials and Methods: The quasi- experimental design was conducted. A sample of 48 nursing personnel participated in the study. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of two experimental or control groups. Subjects in experimental group participated in a 7- hour’s workshop, all subjects were pre and post tested (one month later) for job stress and communication skills with the Karasek’s Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) and communication skills test.

Results: Results revealed the following: (1) subjects in both groups after pretest were the middle level of stress and communication skills. (2) After training the experimental group scored higher on the rating of communication skills than control group and had successfully maintained their improvements for 4 weeks. (3) After training the experimental group showed lower level of stress than control group and had successfully maintained their improvements for 4 weeks.

Conclusion: As a result of this research communication skills training could reduce level of stress among nursing personnel, thus. It is recommended to apply communication skills training programs for nursing personnel working at rehabilitation centers in order to assist them to coping with their job stress and improve the quality of nursing care.

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