Volume 72, Number 8 (November 2014)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2014, 72(8): 526-532 | Back to browse issues page


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Sheikholeslami S, Zarif Yeganeh M, Hoghooghi Rad L, Daneshpour M S, Hedayati M. The frequency of G691S/S904S Haplotype of RET proto-oncogene in medullary thyroid carcinoma patients in Iranian population. Tehran Univ Med J. 2014; 72 (8) :526-532
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6344-en.html

1- Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Obesity Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Obesity Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , hedayati@endocrine.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2314 Views)
Background: Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) occurs in both sporadic (75%) and hereditary (25%) forms. The missense mutations of the rearranged during transfection (RET) proto-oncogene in MTC development have been well demonstrated. Several studies have been published that indicate the molecular analysis of RET gene may offer early identification of those patients at high risk to develop MTC and may provide the opportunity for early intervention. The aim of this study was to investigate frequency of G691S/S904S haplotype in MTC patients and their relatives. Methods: From 2004 to 2014, 358 participants were studied, including 213 patients (119 female, 94 male) and 145 their relatives (79 female, 66 male) in cellular and molecular research center of Shahid Beheshti Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leucocytes using the standard Salting Out/Proteinase K method. Nucleotide change detection was performed using PCR and direct DNA sequencing methods. The RET mutations and SNPs, sequences were analyzed. Results: According to DNA sequencing results, 189 individuals (119 patients, 70 relatives) had both G691S (rs1799939) missense mutation in exon11 and S904S (rs1800863) synonymous mutation in exon 15 of RET proto-oncogene. The allele frequency of G691S/S904S haplotype was 35.02% in patients and 29.92% in their relatives. Conclusion: The obtained data showed the frequency of G691S/S904S RET gene haplotype among Iranian MTC patients and their relatives. The G691S and S904S nucleotide changes were in complete linkage disequilibrium, so the results were grouped together and referred to as G691S/S904S haplotype. This haplotype are not considered as oncogenic mutations at this time, its functional role should be investigated. Further analysis is needed to demonstrate the association between this haplotype and MTC development.
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Type of Study: Original Article |

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