Volume 73, Issue 2 (May 2015)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2015, 73(2): 138-142 | Back to browse issues page

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Shirazi M, Rahimi Shaar-Baf F, Moosavi S A. Rupture of an unscarred uterus in a nullipar pregnant women with a history of curettage: case report. Tehran Univ Med J. 2015; 73 (2) :138-142
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6611-en.html
1- Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Research Center, Moheb Yas Women General Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Research Center, Moheb Yas Women General Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , rahimish@sina.tums.ac.ir
3- Department of Jenetic of Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS), Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (4517 Views)
Background: Rupture of uterus is a catastrophic complication associated with significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The prevalence of an unscarred uterine rupture is very rare. Although the most important complication of dilatation and curettage is perforation of uterus, dilatation and curettage is not introduced as an important cause of uterine rupture. Case presentation: Here we present a case of uterine rupture in a pregnant woman that was admitted in Tehran General Women Hospital, in December 2014, with reducing fetal movement in her 41th weeks of pregnancy. She did not have any risk factors for rupture of uterus including cephalo-pelvic disproportion and polyhydramnios, also there was no history of uterine surgery such as myomectomy and uterine abnormality repair. A term dead male neonate was delivered by cesarean section due to arrest of descending in stage 2 of labor. The baby weighed 3400 gr and had anomaly in ears, larynx, uvula and soft palate. Its chromosomal study depicted both trisomy and monosomy for chromosome 13 and 21. Mother had a history of illegal curettage and trauma to the uterus in her first pregnancy two years ago. She did not say to us this history and abortion during admission. After cesarean section we saw that in the left side of the posterior wall of uterus was ruptured and baby was died. At surgical exploration, moderate hemoperitoneum was evident. Fetus was already dead at the time of extraction. Total estimated blood loss was 100 ml, the patient was transfused with two units of packed cell. The woman was discharged on the fifth postoperative day in good condition. Conclusion: Effective contraception and safe curettage can reduce maternal mortality and morbidity. Also special attention to a history of curettage to predict uterine rupture is critical.
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Type of Study: Case Report |

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