Volume 73, Issue 9 (December 2015)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2015, 73(9): 680-684 | Back to browse issues page

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Ahmadpour-kacho M, Zahed Pasha Y, Ehteshammanesh H, Yahyaei Shahandashti A, Heydari F, Jahangir T et al . Neonatal varicella pneumonia, surfactant replacement therapy. Tehran Univ Med J. 2015; 73 (9) :680-684
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-7037-en.html
1- Non-Communicable Pediatric Diseases Research Center, Department of Pediatric, Amirkola Children's Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
2- Non-Communicable Pediatric Diseases Research Center, Department of Pediatric, Amirkola Children's Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran. , zypasha@gmail.com
Abstract:   (3092 Views)

Background: Chickenpox is a very contagious viral disease that caused by varicella-zoster virus, which appears in the first week of life secondary to transplacental transmission of infection from the affected mother. When mother catches the disease five days before and up to two days after the delivery, the chance of varicella in neonate in first week of life is 17%. A generalized papulovesicular lesion is the most common clinical feature. Respiratory involvement may lead to giant cell pneumonia and respiratory failure. The mortality rate is up to 30% in the case of no treatment, often due to pneumonia. Treatment includes hospitalization, isolation and administration of intravenous acyclovir. The aim of this case report is to introduce the exogenous surfactant replacement therapy after intubation and mechanical ventilation for respiratory failure in neonatal chickenpox pneumonia and respiratory distress.

Case Presentation: A seven-day-old neonate boy was admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Amirkola Children’s Hospital, Babol, north of Iran, with generalized papulovesicular lesions and respiratory distress. His mother has had a history of Varicella 4 days before delivery. He was isolated and given supportive care, intravenous acyclovir and antibiotics. On the second day, he was intubated and connected to mechanical ventilator due to severe pneumonia and respiratory failure. Because of sever pulmonary involvement evidenced by Chest X-Ray and high ventilators set-up requirement, intratracheal surfactant was administered in two doses separated by 12 hours. He was discharged after 14 days without any complication with good general condition.

Conclusion: Exogenous surfactant replacement therapy can be useful as an adjunctive therapy for the treatment of respiratory failure due to neonatal chickenpox.

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Type of Study: Case Report |

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