Volume 74, Issue 8 (November 2016)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2016, 74(8): 597-600 | Back to browse issues page

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Effatparvar M, Jamshidi N, Karimian A. Bone temperature reduction during drilling via alcohol: brief report. Tehran Univ Med J. 2016; 74 (8) :597-600
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-7753-en.html
1- Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
2- Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran. , nima.jamshidi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2331 Views)

Background: Cooling is one of the main processes in bone temperature decrement, while drilling. this experiment was conducted for examination of alcohol effect as cooler in prevention of thermal necrosis.

Methods: Bovine femur bone was considered as specimen and inclusions criteria for this study were: femur bone, cortical area and without bone periosteum. Drilling process was conducted by two types of k-wire- Trocar and Diamond, three speeds and three feed rates and in the time of march, 2016 in the place of university of Isfahan, Iran. Two type of thermometer- K-thermocouple and infrared thermometer- were used for temperature measurement, and all data were logged by data logger. Drilling processes were conducted by milling machine with ability of table movement for feed rate parameter. Method of alcohol usage in cooling was in form of conducting alcoholic gauze with k-wire while rotating.

Results: Totally in the cases of trocar and diamond wires, while were cooled by alcohol, the risk of bone necrosis decreased about 44.44% and 66.66%. All temperature data were logged by changing parameters. maximum temperature, 94.5 °C, belonged to trocar wire in a non-cooling condition and after usage of cooler it decreased to 75 °C.  In the usage of diamond wires, the maximum temperature was recorded 71 °C and the temperature while using alcohol was 51 °C. Diamond wire had better result in both conditions of cooling and no cooling, and this is related to geometric differences between two types of wires.

Conclusion: Due to obtained data from examination, utilization alcohol can have an important influence on final bone temperature decreasing. The way of using alcohol was in the style of attrition soaked gauze onto wire while insertion.

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Type of Study: Brief Report |

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