Volume 65, Issue 4 (3 2007)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2007, 65(4): 44-49 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghaemmaghami F, Hasanzadeh M, ModarresgilaniMadani M, Behtash N, Mousavi AS, Ramezanzadeh F. Centralization of ovarian cancer surgery: Do patients benefit?. Tehran Univ Med J. 2007; 65 (4) :44-49
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-801-en.html
Abstract:   (3735 Views)

Background: The aim of this study was to compare the outcome of treatment for ovarian cancer patients who have been treated by gynecologist oncologists and patients who have been treated by general gynecologists or general surgeons.

Methods: We enrolled in this cohort retrospective study all patients diagnosed with primary ovarian cancer in Vali-e-Asr Hospital, Tehran, Iran, between April 1999 and January 2005. A total 157 consecutive patients with ovarian cancer were available for analysis. Of these, 60 patients were treated by gynecologist oncologists and 95 by general gynecologists, and two patients were treated by general surgeons.

Results: The number of patients who underwent optimal cytoreductive surgery (residual tumor <1 cm) was higher in the gynecologist oncologist group, than in the general gynecologist group (P<0.001). Repeated surgeries were required for a majority of patients in the general gynecologist group, while only a few patients in the gynecologist oncologist group needed a second operation (P<0.0001). The interval between the initial surgery and the beginning of chemotherapy was significantly longer in the gynecologist oncologist group compared to that of the general oncologist group (P=0.001). Overall survival and disease-free survival was considerably greater in the gynecologist oncologist group. Optimal cytoreductive surgery and stage of disease are prognostic factors in patients with ovarian cancer. We can therefore conclude that patients with ovarian cancer who are treated by gynecologist oncologists have a better outcome.

Conclusions: We suggest that patients requiring cytoreductive surgery for ovarian cancer be referred to a gynecologist oncologist rather than having a less specialized physician care for such cases.

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