Volume 65, Number 1 (5 2008)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2008, 65(1): 33-38 | Back to browse issues page


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Mirsalehian.A, Nakhjavani.F, Peymani.A, JabalAmeli.F, Mirafshar.S M, Hamidian.M. Frequency of extended spectrum β-Lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae in intensive care units. Tehran Univ Med J. 2008; 65 (1) :33-38
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-843-en.html

Abstract:   (4233 Views)
Background: The incidence of ESBL producing species have been steadily increased in recent years, resulting in limitation of infection control issues and therapeutic options.The purpose of this study was to evaluate prevalence of Enterobacteriaceae and also assess epidemiology ESBL producing strains isolated from patients admitted in ICUs.
Methods: A total of one hundred fifty isolates were collected from urine, sputum, blood, wound and other clinical samples from patient admitted in ICU and then were identified by biochemical tests .All of the samples were screened by DAD method according to The NCCLS Guideline. The species that met NCCLS screening criteria was further tested for Clavulanic Acid effect by confirmatory method.
Results: A total of one hundred fifty isolates,133(89.3%) were found to be resistant at least on of the indicators cephalosporin tested according to NCCLS Guideline. 121(80.6%) of the isolates were resistant to all the indicators tested .89(59.3) isolateds were confirmed as ESBL producers. The number of isolates ESBL producing was as follow: Klebsiella pneumoniae 33 (76.74%), E.coli 20 (60.60%), Enterobacter cloacae 8 (47.05%), Citrobacter diversus 6 (54.54%), Enterobacter aerogenes 7 (53.84%), Citrobacter freundii 4 (40%), Klebsiella oxytoca 6 (62.5%), Proteus mirabilis 4 (50%), Serratia marcescens 2 (40%), Proteus Volgaris 0%.All of the isolates sensitive to imipenem.
Conclusion: The present study shows high prevalence of ESBL producing Enterobacteriaceae from patients admitted in ICU .The increased rate of these species in most cases due to the administration of inadequate and irrational antimicrobial therapy .To overcome this problem, it needs to develop new antimicrobial agents, limiting the Unnecessary Use of antimicrobial and increasing compliance with infection control issues.
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