Volume 76, Issue 4 (July 2018)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2018, 76(4): 265-270 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ahmadzad-Asl M, Mostafaei S, Rafiefar S, Mohammadi N, Farid M, Kabir K. The study on the knowledge, attitude and practice of Tehran citizens about Health and Disease in 2011 (KAP): overview of methodology and primary results. Tehran Univ Med J. 2018; 76 (4) :265-270
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-8895-en.html
1- Mental Health Research Center, Tehran Institute of Psychiatry, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.
3- Education and Health Promotion Office, Deputy for Health, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
5- Social Determinant of Health Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.
6- Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran. Social Determinant of Health Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran. , kabir.kourosh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1601 Views)
Background: The study of their knowledge, attitude, and behavior toward health is an essential step for health planning. In the urban area, there are several concerns about environmental pollution, health status, the dangers of insecurity, and bad dietary habits. The aim of the study was the determination of knowledge, attitude, and behavior of Tehran citizens in order to plan better municipal services.
Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted on 13000 participants between 15-84 years in 22 districts of Tehran, Iran University of Medical Sciences, in August and September of 2011. Cluster sampling and self-administered reliable and valid questionnaire were used for data gathering. The inclusion criteria are all of citizens of Tehran. Age, sex, marital and job status, obesity, physical activity, hypertension, myocardial infarction, accidents, diabetes, nutrition, stroke, psychological behavior, smoking, addiction and drugs, musculoskeletal, sexual behavior, anemia, physical environment, fat blood, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dietary habits and socioeconomic status were measured under standard protocols and by using calibrated instruments. 
Results: From 13000 participants in the study, 11753 (90%) was fulfilled the questioners. Nonresponse rate from 11753 participants was 8.6%. The proportion of obesity/overweight was 50% and 29.5% of people had appropriate physical exercise, 37.6% reported a tobacco consumer in their family and 4.5% reported an experience of substance misuse. Also, 29.2% and 24.8% from these had anomalistic consuming of salt and soft drink, respectively. Of the participants, 44.8%, 89.1% had a good knowledge and attitude, respectively. Cronbach alpha coefficient was 0.82 and 0.79 for knowledge, attitude and behavior, respectively. In additional, the correlation coefficient between test and re-test questions was 0.91. 
Conclusion: This study was a comprehensive study to measure the knowledge, attitude and practice of Tehran citizens using reliable and valid questionnaires about general health status. A considerable percentage of Tehran citizens suffering from overweight, obesity, hypertension, diabetes, high blood lipids and smoking consuming and using anomalistic from TV and computer. The results can be used as a framework and guide to prioritize problems and planning health education interventions in Tehran
Full-Text [PDF 336 kb]   (215 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article |

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Tehran University Medical Journal TUMS Publications

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb