Volume 77, Issue 12 (March 2020)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2020, 77(12): 735-739 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Derakhshanfar A, Tavakkoli H, Moayedi J, Poostforoosh Fard A. Assessing the excretion time of Iranian endemic influenza virus (H9N2 subtype) from laying chicken breeds. Tehran Univ Med J. 2020; 77 (12) :735-739
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-10210-en.html
1- Diagnostic Laboratory Sciences and Technology Research Center, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Center of Comparative and Experimental Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
2- Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran. , tavakkoli@uk.ac.ir
3- Center of Comparative and Experimental Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
Abstract:   (482 Views)
Background: The H9N2 subtype of the influenza virus, which is endemic in many regions of Iran, is considered as a candidate for future pandemics. In the present study, excretion time of the Iranian endemic influenza virus (H9N2 subtype) from the feces and pharyngeal secretions of laying chicken breeds was evaluated.
Methods: This experimental study conducted at the Diagnostic Laboratory Sciences and Technology Research Center of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, and the Department of Clinical Science in School of Veterinary Medicine of Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, from June 2017 to September 2017. At first, the influenza virus A/Chicken/Iran/SH-110/99 (H9N2) was cultured in the allantoic fluid of the embryonated egg and the EID50 for virus was determined by Reed and Muench method. Afterward, the Hy-Line chicks were inoculated intranasally with 106 EID50/ml of influenza virus (H9N2 subtype) and samples were collected from the oropharynx and feces of the birds on days 2, 5, 10 and 17 after inoculation. The presence of the virus in the samples of challenged birds was assessed using the real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method.
Results: The influenza virus was shed from the oro-pharyngeal secretion and feces of the birds 2 days post-infection, and continued until days 10 and 17, respectively. In comparison to the oro-pharynx, the virus was recovered in the feces for a longer time. The influenza virus was detected in 100% and 57.1% of oro-pharyngeal and feces samples of the infected birds on day 2, 85.7% and 100% on day 5, 28.6% and 71.4% on day 10, and 0% and 28.6% on day 17 post-inoculation, respectively. The maximum risk of infected chicken for humans is seen from 2 to 5 days post-infection.
Conclusion: Detection of virus in the samples of birds that challenged with the H9N2 influenza virus showed that the virus could shed from the feces to the surrounding environment longer than the pharyngeal secretions and could be hazardous to humans in contact.
Full-Text [PDF 291 kb]   (150 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article |

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Tehran University Medical Journal TUMS Publications

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb