Volume 79, Issue 6 (September 2021)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2021, 79(6): 433-441 | Back to browse issues page

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Arabi M, Najafgholian S, Gharibi M, Rafiaee F, Azami M, Ahmadlou M. The relationship between intracompartment pressure with symptoms of compartment syndrome and the level of creatine phosphokinase in limb trauma. Tehran Univ Med J. 2021; 79 (6) :433-441
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-11332-en.html
1- Department of Emergency Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
2- Department of Emergency Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Iran. , S. najafgholian@arakmu.ac.ir
3- Department Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
4- Department Orthopedic, Valiasr Hospital, Arak, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
5- Department Biostatistics, Scientific Research Center, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
Abstract:   (523 Views)
Background: Acute compartment syndrome is considered a debilitating complication of limb trauma. Early detection of this compartment syndrome helps us in the early initiation of treatment which will result in preventing its subsequent complications reported in these cases.
Methods: This research was an analytical cross-sectional study. Patients with direct trauma to extremities, who were referred to the emergency department of Valiasr and Amir Al-Momenin hospitals were studied from October 2018 to April 2019 in Arak, Iran. Patients were selected if they met all of the inclusion criteria and none of the exclusion criteria. Vital signs were measured and recorded for each patient. Also, the results of physical examination, intra-compartmental pressure measurement by a wick catheter and the level of the creatine phosphokinase were recorded. All data analyses were performed with the use of SPSS v21 software.
Results: A total number of 70 subjects were included in this study, comprising 65 males (93.1%) and 5 females (6.9%). The results showed that there is a significant relationship between intra-compartment pressure and the level of creatine phosphokinase enzyme. The higher the intracompartmental pressure, the higher the creatine phosphokinase level. Statistically significant associations were observed between intracompartmental pressure and pallor, edema, lack of limb pulse, and diastolic blood pressure. No significant relationship was found between intracompartmental pressure and limb pain, numbness, inability to move the injured limbs, and systolic blood pressure. In addition, our findings indicated that creatine phosphokinase is significantly associated with edema and lack of limb pulse. No significant relationship was found between creatine phosphokinase with pain, pallor, numbness, inability to move limbs, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
Conclusion: The study findings suggest that measurement of intracompartmental pressure could be considered as an effective alternative approach to creatine phosphokinase levels to diagnose compartment syndrome. So, this will prevent irreparable damage to the extremities and is of great importance.
 
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