Volume 55, Issue 6 (1 1997)                   Tehran Univ Med J 1997, 55(6): 73-78 | Back to browse issues page

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Eftekhar H, Batebi A, Azadegan F, Alianfini F, Sarhaddi N. A comparison of growth and development of low birth weight and normal newborns at 5 years age . Tehran Univ Med J 1997; 55 (6) :73-78
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5519-en.html
Abstract:   (4069 Views)
The growth and developmental status of 252 children with low birth weight (<2500 gr) born from 1988 to 1989 as cases were compared with 312 children with normal birth weight (>2500 gr) at the fifth birthday. The results of comparing these two groups of children show that: 1) In relation to weight for age of survivors, with increasing of age, weight gaining is higher in the control group in comparison with the case group (P=0.00). 2) In relation to height for age the study revealed, that this indicator differs in two groups but the difference is not significant. 3) In regard to Gomez classification: The percentages of all grades of malnutrition (mild, moderate, severe) is grater in the case group than controls. 4) By considering the developmental criteria (skipping, drawing triangle from copy, naming 5 colors, repeating sentences of 10 syllables, counting of 10 coins correctly and respectively): The study showed that developmental indicator of the case group differs from controls. The test statistic "t" showed, there is a significant difference between two variables (P=0.005). 5) By using the Riven test for evaluation of IQ, our findings characterized that, the IQ mean of the LBW and NBW are not truely different.
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