Volume 76, Issue 7 (October 2018)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2018, 76(7): 484-491 | Back to browse issues page

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Pakniat H, Akbari R. Effective factors to select cesarean-section. Tehran Univ Med J. 2018; 76 (7) :484-491
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-9116-en.html
1- Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
Abstract:   (1446 Views)
Background:  A significant increase in cesarean section in worldwide is known as one of the health system problems. The WHO has estimated that cesarean section in recent years has been 10% in all countries. Despite the increasing popularity of cesarean section, the literature lacks insights about factors affecting the selection of this delivery method. In this vein, this study investigates the factors affecting the choice of cesarean-section from the perspective of pregnant women.
Methods: The sample of this descriptive and analytical study is 200 pregnant women selected using simple random sampling method in Kosar Hospital in Qazvin Province, Iran. The survey questionnaire was used for data collection from March to September of 2017. In order to evaluate the validity and reliability of the research, expert’s opinion and Cronbach alpha coefficient have been used. The questionnaire included scales designed to measure effective factor. Statistical package for social science software (SPSS) version 22 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) were used to analyses the data. T-test and ANOVA were used to compare groups.
Results: The results of prioritizing the items in terms of psychological factors showed that the statements “I am afraid of the pain of normal labor” and “I feel higher stress and anxiety with natural labor were the first priorities”. There was no significant difference between pregnant women who had previous experience and those who did not have a delivery experience. The results of the mean comparison test showed no significant difference between the attitudes of women with previous delivery experience and women who did not have a delivery experience. There were only differences between socio-cultural factors (P= 0.004), factors related to delivery conditions (P= 0.001), consequences of delivery (P= 0.017) among pregnant women with different levels of training.
Conclusion: The results of this study revealed that there is a difference between the attitudes of pregnant women and different levels of education, so pre-pregnancy training should be provided to pregnant women.
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Type of Study: Original Article |

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