Volume 76, Issue 4 (July 2018)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2018, 76(4): 271-276 | Back to browse issues page

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Abdolkarimi L, Taftachi F, Hayati F, Mehrpisheh S, Seify Moghadam N. Epidemiologic study of burns in elderly people over 60 years old. Tehran Univ Med J. 2018; 76 (4) :271-276
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-8896-en.html
1- Department of Forensic Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Forensic Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , ftaftachi@yahoo.com
3- Department of Neonatology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Mazandaran, Iran.
4- Department of Psychiatry, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1364 Views)
Background: Burns are one of the most devastating forms of trauma worldwide. In the elderly, flame and scald burns, or scalds alone, are the major causes of burns, occur at home, particularly in the kitchen and bathroom. Because elderly burned patients suffer from greater morbidity and mortality than younger patients with similar burn extents, preventing burns is paramount to continuing functionality and quality of life. Burns are largely explainable by characteristics of both the individual and the physical environment. Our study aims to analyses the epidemiologic characteristics of burn in the elderly (above 60 years old) in Iran.
Methods: Records of elderly patients (aged 60 and older) admitted with acute burns to the Burn Center of the Shahid Motahari Hospital, Tehran, Iran, between March 2007 and March 2014 was carried out. Patient demographics, etiology of burn, mechanism of injury, burn extent, mortality, severity of burn, length of stay in hospital, and outcomes were reviewed. The information was analyzed by SPSS software, version 18 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). T-test, oneway anova and K square were used.
Results: A total of 374 elderly patients were admitted. Majority of the patients were men 231 (61.8%) and the number of women were 143(38.2%). The most common etiologies were scalds (20.3%) and (oil-benzine-gasoline) (19.8%). The mean age of the patient was 71.5 years, which was average in women (72) and men (70.5 years). There was a statistically significant difference between the mean age in both male and female groups, so that the mean age of women was significantly higher than men (P=0.004). There was a significant correlation between gender and (etiology, hospital stay-mortality) and between treatment outcome and (etiology and motivation) and between motivation and etiology (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Boiling water was the main cause of burning in older women. Diminished senses, concentration disorders, slower reaction time, reduced mobility, and bedridden states may decrease elder's ability to identify fire and also to escape harm.
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Type of Study: Original Article |

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