Volume 63, Issue 3 (12 2005)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2005, 63(3): 193-202 | Back to browse issues page

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Yaghoobi Notash A, Fatemi S. Routine Para Clinic Evaluation Of Preoperative Patients: A New Solution For An Old Problem. Tehran Univ Med J. 2005; 63 (3) :193-202
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-1025-en.html
Abstract:   (30931 Views)

Background: Routine Para clinic evaluation of preoperative patients tends to cause unnecessary costs, extra risk to the patients, inefficient operating room schedules and extra medico legal risk. Furthermore, it seldom affects clinician's preoperative evaluation and decision making process for healthy patients. Numerous studies have shown that about 60% of these will not be performed if they are ordered according to recognizable indications based on history and physical examinations unfortunately the ‘indication based’ method can not replace to “routine” method due to difficulty and complexity to performing.

Materials and Methods: We reviewed records of 1700 patients on a retrospective descriptive study in Sina Hospital from September 2000 to the end of September 2001. These patients had undergone general surgical procedures and were categorized as American society of anesthesiologists classification I or II. Results of complete blood count, fasting blood sugar, blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinin, sodium, potassium, chest X-ray, electrocardiogram and urinalysis were compared between patients under 40 years of age (n= 894) and patients aged 40 and over (n= 806).

Results: Among 4935 tests performed in patients under 40 years of age, only 1004 (20.3%) were indicated, and treatment plan was not altered due to the results of routine tests in any case. In the other group, patients aged 40 and over, 6300 tests were performed, from which 3361 (53.3%) were indicated and treatment plans of 5 patients were influenced by the results of routine tests.

Conclusion: Routine preoperative Para clinical tests is not cost effective method, otherwise the “indication based” also is difficult and complex method. We offer routine preoperative Para clinical tests only in patients over 40 years to combine ease of “routine” with a great reduction in medical costs and no adverse affect to patient care.

Keywords: Preeclampsia, Calcium
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