Volume 80, Issue 9 (December 2022)                   Tehran Univ Med J 2022, 80(9): 729-736 | Back to browse issues page

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Tabesh E, Iravani Z, Jafari M, Soheilipour M, Tarrahi M J. Examining the frequency of endoscopic findings in patients with covid-19 with upper gastrointestinal bleeding referred to al-Zahra Hospital of Isfahan. Tehran Univ Med J 2022; 80 (9) :729-736
URL: http://tumj.tums.ac.ir/article-1-12014-en.html
1- Department of Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
2- Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran.
Abstract:   (229 Views)
Background: Gastrointestinal bleeding is one of the consequences of COVID-19, which is associated with increased hospitalization and patient mortality. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of endoscopic findings and the outcome of gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with COVID-19 who were hospitalized from September to December 2019 in Al-Zahra Hospital, Isfahan.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, out of 5800 patients who were admitted to Al-Zahra Hospital in Isfahan from September to December 2019 due to COVID-19 (according to the positive PCR test result), 87 patients who underwent endoscopy due to upper gastrointestinal bleeding by a skilled gastroenterologist, were selected and studied. Demographic characteristics, underlying diseases, use of anticoagulants, and laboratory findings were studied and evaluated and finally, the disease was evaluated and compared based on endoscopic findings.
Results: Based on the results obtained from this research, the patients with endoscopic lesions had higher average age (P=0.041), lower blood oxygen saturation percentage (P=0.028), and higher bleeding intensity (P=0.018). The frequency of using anticoagulant drugs in the group whose endoscopy results were abnormal was higher but insignificant. Hemoglobin, platelet, lymphocyte, and CRP levels were higher in the group whose endoscopy was normal, and NLR, LDH, and D-dimer levels were higher in the group whose endoscopy was abnormal (P<0.050). Three people (11.55%) from the group with normal endoscopy and 18 people (29.5%) from the group with abnormal endoscopy died, but the frequency of death was not significantly different between the two groups (P=0.070).
Conclusion: The findings of the present study showed that the COVID patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding who had endoscopic lesions had significant differences in some characteristics such as age, bleeding intensity, and blood oxygen saturation percentage with patients with normal endoscopy. Also, the frequency of death in patients with endoscopic lesions was relatively higher. Therefore, COVID patients with gastrointestinal bleeding should undergo endoscopy as soon as possible and necessary measures should be taken to control and prevent gastrointestinal bleeding.
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